The Global Economic Governance (GEG) Africa programme is a policy research and stakeholder engagement programme to strengthen the influence of pro-poor African coalitions at global economic governance fora.

Publications (120)

by Oliver StuenkelSAIIA Occasional Paper No 123, December 2012Click here to download from the SAIIA website [pdf] (671.51 kB).The emergence of the Group of Twenty (G-20) has changed the structure of today’s global economic governance substantially, providing a more inclusive and legitimate framework than the Group of Eight (G-8). The inclusion of Brazil, Turkey, South Africa and Saudi Arabia in the G-20 has assured that traditionally neglected regions of the world – such as South America, the Middle East, Africa and the Arab World – are now better represented in global forums. Faced with a growing presence of emerging powers,…
by Biswajit DharSAIIA Occasional Paper No 125, December 2012Download the PDF from the SAIIA website [pdf] (701.69 kB).The paper argues that South Africa’s inclusion in the BRICS will strengthen the organisation, since it is a natural ally of the three developing country members of the grouping. This argument is justified on the basis of the engagement that South Africa, Brazil, China and India have had in several international forums, most importantly those concerning trade and climate change. In the on-going Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations, these countries have been able to co-ordinate their positions in several critical areas, including…
Johannesburg: Carrying the theme “BRICS and Africa - partnerships for integration and industrialisation” the fifth BRICS Summit will be held in Durban, South Africa between 25 and 27 March 2013. Taking a step back, this report focuses on the depth of intra-BRICS trade and commercial ties to frame many of the discussions which will take place in Durban.
Monday, 18 February 2013 10:48

Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2013

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Click here to access the publication from OECD.Executive SummaryGoing for Growth builds on OECD expertise on structural policy reforms and economic performance to provide policymakers with a set of concrete recommendations on reform areas identified as priorities for sustained growth.The OECD has identified reform recommendations to boost real incomes and employment through the Going for Growth analysis for each OECD country since 2005 and, more recently, for the BRIICS. This benchmarking exercise provides a tool for governments to reflect on policy reforms that affect their citizens’ long-term living standards.Since the 2009 Pittsburgh Summit, Going for Growth has contributed to the…
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 124, November 2012Click here to download the paper from SAIIA [pdf] (757.86 kB).The paper introduces three key concepts, namely economic diplomacy, multi-actor and multi-institutional negotiations, and inter-ministerial economic policymaking. It applies these concepts to describe and analyse Switzerland’s economic diplomacy behaviour and strategy in the field of financial services and in its relation to the Group of Twenty and other international organisations. The paper describes and analyses Switzerland’s economic governance and economic diplomacy options in the field of international finance. It identifies the core Swiss interests and Switzerland’s contribution to global economic governance, with particular reference…
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 128, December 2012Click here to download the paper from SAIIA.This paper puts forward a strategic view of what South African trade policy should be doing in relation to the future global trading environment. The future is uncertain, but if the past is prologue, South African trade policy needs to be positioned for a continuation of the commodity cycle, and to exploit markets in emerging economies, including Africa, more fully. Simultaneously, it needs policies to spur labour-intensive services and manufacturing exports, both because these will be needed if commodity markets are less robust and because of their…
The nomination process for World Trade Organization (WTO) Director General (DG) candidates ended on the 31st of December 2012. Pascal Lamy’s term ends on the 31st of August 2013 and will not be renewed. The nomination process resulted in nine candidates demonstrating an interest in the most senior position in the World Trade Organization.The list of nominees is made up of a diverse pool of lawyers, economists and persons with different professional inclinations. Some of the notable features of the nominees are that four have PhDs, while another four have solid Geneva experience in different capacities, either at the WTO…
A new report taks the 17 largest economies and adds in 13 emerging economies to create the ‘PwC 30’ grouping of countries accounts for around 85% of world economic output. Some of the highlighted projections of this analysis:By 2050, the E7 emerging economies will be around 50% larger than the current G7 (US, Japan, Germany, UK, France, Italy and Canada)China is expected to overtake the US as the largest economy around 2025India has the potential to nearly catch up with the US by 2050The projected list of fastest growing economies to 2050 is headed by Vietnam, and the top 10…
ODI Working Papers Issue 365 by Milo Vandemoortele, Kate Bird, Andries Du Toit, Minquan Liu, Kunal Sen and Fábio Veras SoaresFive key emerging market economies, commonly termed the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), have been lauded for their stellar economic growth and resilience through the 2008/09 financial crisis.They are becoming models of development for development practitioners, researchers and other emerging economies. Scratch beneath the surface, however, and you will notice that not all people in these countries have benefited equally from growth. Some countries have seen enormous increases in income inequality – specifically China, India and South Africa; Brazil has enjoyed a reduction.What can be learnt, in terms of the challenges and successes of reconciling growth and equity, from the BRICS’ recent growth? This paper examines the experiences of four of the BRICS – Brazil, China, India and South Africa – and identifies four key factors shaping…
Thursday, 03 January 2013 09:25

Russia's G20 Presidency: strategic agenda document

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Moscow: This paper outlines a strategic agenda proposed by Russia for the G20 in 2013 and highlights the specific priorities of the Russian G20 Presidency. Its purpose is to serve as a guide for the preparation of meetings and documents throughout the year, as well as to set the objectives for the G20 Leaders Summit in St.Petersburg, September 5-6 2013. Russia will exert its maximum effort to reach tangible results on the most pressing issues on the global agenda by setting a stage for thoughtful discussions.
On December 1, 2012, Russia assumed the rotating chair of the Group of Twenty (G20), the premier forum for global economic coordination. It did so at a time of growing uncertainty about the future role of the G20 and gnawing doubts about the ability of the organization to fulfill past promises.Hoping to assist the government of Russia in defining priorities for its year-long chairmanship, the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and the Moscow-based Institute for Contemporary Development (INSOR) solicited short memos from their partners in the Council of Councils (CoC), an international network of premier policy institutions roughly tracking the…
Thursday, 15 November 2012 12:47

BRICS Joint Statistical Publication 2010

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The present publication is the result of joint efforts of National Statistical Offices (NSOs) of Brazil, Russia, India and China, emerging great countries which, together, have become known worldwide as the BRIC group. The need to begin the dissemination of information about these countries, mainly through a publication with selected data, was an issue agreed on in the BRIC Leaders Meeting, held in New York, in September 2009. 
Thursday, 11 October 2012 00:00

The Case for IMF Quota Reform

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At the G-20 Summit in 2009, global leaders announced that the heads of international financial institutions "should be appointed through an open, transparent, and merit-based selection process." In 2011, however, European leaders failed to honor their promise and insisted on a European to replace Dominique Strauss-Kahn as director of the IMF. In 2012, the Obama administration nominated Jim Yong Kim as its choice to be the new World Bank president. Obama's nomination of Kim essentially ensured his selection, causing exasperation among emerging powers for the United States' failure to consider the Nigerian candidate [Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala], who was widely thought to…
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 121, September 2012 Click here to Download-English[pdf] (1.03 MB)SAIIA Economic Diplomacy programmeThe paper argues that South Africa's role as an economic gateway primarily depends upon geography, ie upon naturally given and man-made structures in geographical space. Based upon these structures, politicians and businessmen have to pursue the right strategies in order to maintain the gateway status. Hence, the paper examines South Africa's location, physio-geographical conditions in Southern Africa and regional transport infrastructure. It then takes a closer look at South Africa as a hub for regional headquarters of multinational companies; a hub for logistics and distribution…
Wednesday, 12 September 2012 00:00

A Map for Strengthening the G20 Mutual Assessment Process

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Click here to download the publication from the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). Series: CIGI Junior Fellows Policy Brief SeriesAuthors: Kevin English, Xenia Menzies, Jacob Muirhead, and Jennifer Prenger The 2007–2009 global financial crisis demonstrated that the world required a much stronger framework for cooperation on financial and economic issues. In September 2009, G20 heads of state responded to this need at the Pittsburgh G20 Summit with the “Framework for Strong, Sustainable and Balanced Growth.” The Mutual Assessment Process (MAP) was created to both monitor and support G20 countries in their follow-through on commitments made under the Framework.Although progress has…
Click here to download the paper here, National Perspectives on Global Leadership (NPGL) Soundings Series No. 7: Los Cabos G20 Summit, June 2012 from the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) [English, PDF]Executive SummaryThe Centre for International Governance Innovation, in association with the Brookings Institute, has released the latest in their series of "National Perspectives on Global Leadership" (NPGL), on the 2012 G20 Summit.
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 118, July 2012 Download the Occasional Paper from the SAIIA website [English - pdf].OverviewThe World Trade Organization is in a state of flux. This stems largely from the Doha Round impasse and the failure of the main protagonists to reach agreement. However, it is also the effect of a changing global political economy.
Friday, 25 May 2012 00:00

The New Geometry of Global Summitry

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Click here to download the publication from the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) [English, PDF]As part of its commitment to supporting the G20 process through thoughtful analysis and discussion of challenges facing the global economy, CIGI hosted the conference, The New Geometry of Global Summitry: The Future of the G20 (and the G8), from May 2 to 4, 2011.This conference report, written by Peter Heap, summarizes the key topics considered by conference participants, including:  the G20’s position as a “global steering group” and the related issue of ensuring legitimacy; global governance challenges and the need for summitry; the future…
by Elizabeth SidiropoulosSAIIA Policy Briefing 47, March 2012Click here to download the PDF from SAIIAWith the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness behind us, it is an ideal time to reflect on the changing nature of development co-operation that is an outcome of the significant geopolitical and geo-economic shifts the world has witnessed in the last decade. The High Level Forum, held in Busan, aimed to bring emerging powers into the fold of aid effectiveness. Their incorporation was only partially achieved; yet the Forum's outcomes signalled the start of a more inclusive dialogue around issues of development not only between traditional…
Click here to download the publication from the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). Author: Colin BradfordSoundings Series No. 6: Cannes G20 Summit The Cannes G20 Summit was dominated by the 2011 euro crisis, but the summit did succeed in raising the profile of the G20 in some countries, and the national priorities of G20 leaders were reflected in their respective national media. National Perspectives on Global Leadership (NPGL) is a joint CIGI-Brookings Institution project, led by Colin Bradford, which enlists experts from G20 countries to observe and assess, through the lens of the media in their national capitals, the performance…
Click here to download the publication from the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). Authors: Barry Carin, Colin Bradford, Deanne Leifso, Gordon Smith, and Paul JenkinsAs host of the sixth G20 summit, France is under pressure to succeed in resolving visible conflicts and delivering on the existing agenda. In partnership with Institut français des relations internationals (IFRI), CIGI co-hosted a series of meetings in Paris from November 29 to December 1, 2010, to consider the fundamental issues facing the G20. Participants concluded that the G20 needs to show it can consistently deliver on agenda results, suggesting that if it cannot…
Click here to download the publication from the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI).  Authors:Andrew F. Cooper, Barry Carin, Bessma Momani, Colin Bradford, Daniel Schwanen, Eric Helleiner, Gordon Smith, Gregory Chin, Jennifer Clapp, John M. Curtis, John Whalley, Jorge Braga de Macedo , Manmohan Agarwal, Max Brem, Paul Heinbecker, Pierre Siklos, Rohinton Medhora, Thomas A. Bernes, and Alan S. Alexandroff Since the first G20 leaders’ meeting in Washington in November 2008, the G20 has evolved from a crisis committee to the “premier forum” for international economic cooperation among its member economies. For several years beforehand, CIGI led the way in advocating…
SAIIA Research Report No 8, February 2011Download - English [.pdf] (776.64 kB)This study examines the impact of the financial crisis and of G20 reform on trade in financial services in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, focusing specifically on corporate, trade and project finance from the standpoint of the biggest banks in South Africa. The objective is to understand the effects, if any, on the SADC services negotiations, taking Botswana as a case study.
Download the publication here, from the G20 Information Centre at the University of Toronto.Introduction:Three leading global think tanks – The Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) in Canada, The Stanley Foundation in the United States and the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR) in the People’s Republic of China – joined together in 2009 to examine the many challenges facing global governance leadership in the rapidly evolving context of “messy multilateralism.”
Click here to download the publication from the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). Author: Debra Steger Two high-level commissions — the Sutherland report in 2004, and the Warwick Commission report in 2007 — addressed the future of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and made proposals for incremental reform. This book goes further; it explains why institutional reform of the WTO is needed at this critical juncture in world history and provides innovative, practical proposals for modernizing the WTO to enable it to respond to the challenges of the twenty-first century. Contributors focus on five critical areas: transparency, decision- and rule-making…
Click here to download the publication from the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI).  Authors: Bessma Momani, Debra Steger, Eric Helleiner, Thomas A. Bernes, Eric Santor, Randall Gemain, C. Scott Clark, Dane Rowlands, Robert Lavigne, Roy Culpepper, and James A. Haley CIGI-CIC Special Report 2009 The CIGI/CIC Special Report on the future of the International Monetary Fund looks at the IMF’s role in the context of the global economic crisis and the new economic and financial governance architecture that is emerging.  The authors recognize that IMF reform is an ongoing process, and suggest that the Fund can and should be an integral…
Tuesday, 22 September 2009 00:00

Soundings Series: National Perspectives on Global Leadership

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Click here to download the publication from the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). Authors: Andres Rozental , Andrew F. Cooper, Barry Carin, Colin Bradford, Diana Tussie, Martin Albrow, Peter Draper, Thomas Fues, Denise Gregory, Prahtap Mehta, Jacques Mistral, Eser Şekercioğlu, Lan Xue, and Tomas Zinner Researchers and scholars worldwide have turned their attention to the global economic crisis. National Perspectives on Global Leadership (NPGL), a joint project by the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and the Brookings Institution, is an innovative project that focuses on a central question:
Click here to download the publication from the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). Authors: Eric Helleiner and Paola Subacchi From many perspectives, the London Summit of the G20 leaders at the beginning of April 2009 was a success – with discussion framed around crisis resolution and the strengthening of the international financial architecture. Beyond its concrete achievements, the Summit morphed into an ongoing process with a rolling agenda, rather than remaining a one-off event. While the Italian Presidency of the G8 has a hard task ahead, there is scope for building a meaningful bridge between London and the G8 meeting…
Click here to download the briefing from the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). Author: Andrew F. CooperCIGI Policy Brief #1  In the inaugural policy brief in international governance, CIGI Associate Director Andrew F. Cooper provides reasons for expanding the G8 membership to include the B(R)ICSAM group of emerging economies. In it, he argues that this cluster of countries (Brazil, India, China, South Africa, ASEAN, and Mexico) coincides well with the so-called G5 "outreach" or "dialogue" countries that have been gradually, albeit unevenly, incorporated into the G8 summit process, and that the value of using the B(R)ICSAM term allows for…
[This article originally appeared on the website of the G8 Information Centre at the University of Toronto]IntroductionThe Genoa summit was the target of violent riots, which left one dead, over 200 injured and $40 million of damage.  The riots obsessed the media, who claimed the G8 leaders themselves achieved little and that summits in this form could not survive.  But though preoccupied with the causes and consequences of the riots, the leaders in fact launched some important initiatives. If these are fully implemented – a big if - Genoa may prove one of the most influential summits.Only G8 heads of…
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