The Global Economic Governance (GEG) Africa programme is a policy research and stakeholder engagement programme to strengthen the influence of pro-poor African coalitions at global economic governance fora.

Publications (109)

The G8 Research Group has just announced the release of an excellent publication, "The UK Summit: The G8 at Lough Erne 2013" ­.It features a series of Leaders Perspectives from David Cameron, François Hollande, José Manuel Barroso, Barack Obama and Ellen Sirleaf Johnson. It also features articles from the OECD, ILO, IFAD, WFP, UNCTAD, OPEC, INTERPOL and the heads of many other international organizations and internationally renowned experts.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a powerful instrument for growth and development, and is key to enhancing prosperity worldwide and boosting the global economy. Building on its previous work on the subject, the Global Agenda Council on Global Trade and FDI has been examining ways to encourage more FDI in both developed and developing countries.
The 39th annual Group of 8 (G8) Summit takes place on 17 and 18 June 2013, with the UK as this year's president. To provide insights into her country's plan for this year's summit, Dame Nicola Brewer, British High Commissioner to South Africa, addressed a G8 study group this week organised by the GEGAfrica project (under SAIIA's Economic Diplomacy Programme) and the Humanities Department at the University of Pretoria.
This study provides data on the costs and challenges of implementing trade facilitation measures currently under negotiation in the WTO. It updates an earlier study undertaken in 2005. This updated study, based on data and insights from nine additional countries, confirms earlier findings identifying the measures that present the greatest challenges to developing countries in implementing reforms. The study also confirms that the costs of putting in place and maintaining trade facilitation measures are not particularly large and are far smaller than the benefits gained from implementing these measures. Moreover, an increasing amount of technical and financial assistance to implement…
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 130, December 2012Download-English [pdf].Economic Diplomacy ProgrammeThe KAS guidelines are a framework for discussions on issues of global economic governance that could be relevant for all G-20 countries. This paper sets out to examine India’s approach to the guidelines against its internal and external policies and the general background of current changes and challenges in world economic governance.
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 127, December 2012 Download-English [pdf].Economic Diplomacy Programme The Chinese government has attached great importance to the country’s relationship with South Africa. South Africa is the first developing country to which China has proposed establishing a ‘comprehensive strategic partnership’.
SWP Research Paper 2013/RP 01, March 2013, 204 PagesEdited By: Hanns Günther Hilpert and Stormy-Annika MildnerClick here to download the PDF from the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.SummaryDevelopments in the metals and minerals markets are creating great challenges for industries and governments. Prices have risen sharply over the past decade, with strong fluctuations. In many metal markets supply and demand are highly concentrated, with deposits localized in a handful of countries and production in the hands of just two or three companies. Increasingly frequent state intervention and speculative tendencies produce a situation where market mechanisms often fail to function satisfactorily.
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 126, December 2012Click here to download the Paper in English from SAIIA [pdf].Published by the SAIIA Economic Diplomacy ProgrammeSouth Africa is a member of both the G-20 and the BRICS, which is a significant positioning for the country’s global strategy. This further enhances the country’s weight as Africa’s powerhouse. This membership occurs at a time when global governance is in a sustained state of flux, with no discernible leadership anchorage.
Tuesday, 21 May 2013 15:54

Analysts caution EAC on Brics bank

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Dar es Salaam. While financial experts are optimistic of the Brics initiative to set up a bank that will lead to less rigid lending conditions, others fear that it will open doors for the institution to tap into Africa’s resources.
by Professor John Kirton, Co-director, G20 Research Group; Director, G8 Research Group, University of Torontowww.g20.utoronto.ca | www.g8.utoronto.caClick here to download the PDF from the G8 Research Group.Background paper prepared for a presentation at the session on “What Is the Way Forward for the G20?” for a conference on “From the G8 to the G20 and Beyond: Setting a Course for Economic Global Governance,” Chatham House, London, May 9, 2013.IntroductionThe current conventional wisdom holds that the G20 summit has been in decline since its high-performing, crisis-inspired start in 2008-09 and that the G8 summit is destined to disappear as a consequential…
by Peter DraperSAIIA Occasional Paper No 129, December 2012Click here to download the paper from SAIIA in English [pdf].  As the world moves towards a multipolar power structure, so global economic governance becomes more challenging. One central issue is the need for major powers to find a basis on which to collaborate. For this reason, there is a rising interest in the potential of values to guide global norms in general and economic negotiations in particular. The Konrad Adenauer Foundation recently issued proposed guidelines for this purpose. This paper attempts to assess the extent to which those guidelines could be…
What effect could trade with, and investment and aid from, the BRICS (Brazil, Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa) have on growth, employment and structural transformation in Africa? How can Africa maximize the benefits of its engagement with the BRICS, and minimize the risks? This study answers these two questions via a comparative analysis of BRICS’ practices in their cooperation with Africa, and offers policy recommendations. Click here to download the publication from UNECA [pdf].
by Natalya Volchkova and Maria RyabtsevaSAIIA Occasional Paper No 135, February 2013Click here to download the paper in English from the SAIIA site [pdf].  The paper investigates the features of Russia–South Africa relations in light of their membership in BRICS and the G-20. Collaboration with South Africa contributes to the creation of the multipolar world order and strengthens Russia’s position in such global governance institutions as the G-20, IMF and the World Trade Organization (WTO). It also helps to create global legitimacy of the multipolar system of international relations. The BRICS arrangement is an important intermediate negotiation ground between individual…
Wednesday, 03 April 2013 10:49

First Annual G20 Conference Report

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 Click here to download the First Annual G20 Conference Report (355.54 kB).For all other materials and outcomes related to this conference, click here to visit the blog piece.The first Annual "G20 and Africa" Conference was hosted on 10 December 2012 by the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) and the International Development Law Unit in the Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria (UP).
Friday, 29 March 2013 00:00

BRICS: eThekwini Declaration

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1. We, the leaders of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the Republic of India, the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa, met in Durban, South Africa, on 27 March 2013 at the Fifth BRICS Summit. Our discussions took place under the overarching theme, “BRICS and Africa: Partnership for Development, Integration and Industrialisation”. The Fifth BRICS Summit concluded the first cycle of BRICS Summits and we reaffirmed our commitment to the promotion of international law, multilateralism and the central role of the United Nations (UN). Our discussions reflected our growing intra-BRICS solidarity as well as our shared goal to contribute positively to global peace, stability, development and cooperation. We also considered our role in the international system as based on an inclusive approach of shared solidarity and cooperation towards all nations and peoples.2. We met at a time which requires that we consider issues…
Friday, 22 March 2013 00:00

BRICS Academic Forum: recommendations

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Durban:  The 5th BRICS Academic Forum, comprising experts and scholars from the research and academic institutions of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, met on the 11th and 12th of March 2013 in Durban. Given that the BRICS have covered significant ground since the inception of the partnership five years’ ago, the Forum believes that they must build upon the progress made in the first five-year cycle of BRICS by consolidating the agreements reached and the achievements registered and by making further concrete proposals for realising the unfolding objectives of the BRICS partnership.The theme for this year’s Forum, “BRICS…
Click here for a signed copy (PDF).Durban:  We, the BRICS Think Tanks Council (BTTC) wish to celebrate the bonds between BRICS countries by declaring our mutual intention to enhance cooperation in research, knowledge sharing, capacity building and policy advice; recalling the 2011 Sanya Action Plan, which called for the enhancement of existing cooperation programmes through the holding of BRICS Think Tanks symposiums and the establishment of a council of research centres of all BRICS countries.Cognisant of the 2012 Delhi Action Plan, which directed new areas for cooperationBased on the Memorandum of Understanding for Enhancing Cooperation BRICS Academic Institutions signed in New…
Thursday, 07 March 2013 16:31

G20 Governance for a Globalized World

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 This book systematically assesses the G20's emergence, evolution and performance in response to growing demands for global governance across a wide, interconnected policy agenda and the full set of governance functions that international institutions supply. This study mobilizes classic and contemporary international relations theory to explain the causes of observed G20 governance, and on this basis offers some concluding predictions about its future course. In particular it offers an account, grounded in the competitive dynamics among international institutions in a crowded world, rather than one based merely on the older model of forum-shopping among states in an anarchic system.
Stay a length of time in China, or study some Chinese, and you quickly learn the indispensable role proverbs and idioms play in the language. This certainly isn’t something unique to Chinese by any means, but it may be a key feature of the country’s policy-making processes you won’t see anywhere else.For over 30 years, the Communist Party of China could be said to have one overarching idiom — “crossing the river by feeling the stones” — that embodied its gradual and selective approach to economic reforms. With the 18th Party Congress and the composition of the top leaders finalized,…
by Oliver StuenkelSAIIA Occasional Paper No 123, December 2012Click here to download from the SAIIA website [pdf] (671.51 kB).The emergence of the Group of Twenty (G-20) has changed the structure of today’s global economic governance substantially, providing a more inclusive and legitimate framework than the Group of Eight (G-8). The inclusion of Brazil, Turkey, South Africa and Saudi Arabia in the G-20 has assured that traditionally neglected regions of the world – such as South America, the Middle East, Africa and the Arab World – are now better represented in global forums. Faced with a growing presence of emerging powers,…
by Biswajit DharSAIIA Occasional Paper No 125, December 2012Download the PDF from the SAIIA website [pdf] (701.69 kB).The paper argues that South Africa’s inclusion in the BRICS will strengthen the organisation, since it is a natural ally of the three developing country members of the grouping. This argument is justified on the basis of the engagement that South Africa, Brazil, China and India have had in several international forums, most importantly those concerning trade and climate change. In the on-going Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations, these countries have been able to co-ordinate their positions in several critical areas, including…
Johannesburg: Carrying the theme “BRICS and Africa - partnerships for integration and industrialisation” the fifth BRICS Summit will be held in Durban, South Africa between 25 and 27 March 2013. Taking a step back, this report focuses on the depth of intra-BRICS trade and commercial ties to frame many of the discussions which will take place in Durban.
Monday, 18 February 2013 10:48

Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2013

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Click here to access the publication from OECD.Executive SummaryGoing for Growth builds on OECD expertise on structural policy reforms and economic performance to provide policymakers with a set of concrete recommendations on reform areas identified as priorities for sustained growth.The OECD has identified reform recommendations to boost real incomes and employment through the Going for Growth analysis for each OECD country since 2005 and, more recently, for the BRIICS. This benchmarking exercise provides a tool for governments to reflect on policy reforms that affect their citizens’ long-term living standards.Since the 2009 Pittsburgh Summit, Going for Growth has contributed to the…
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 124, November 2012Click here to download the paper from SAIIA [pdf] (757.86 kB).The paper introduces three key concepts, namely economic diplomacy, multi-actor and multi-institutional negotiations, and inter-ministerial economic policymaking. It applies these concepts to describe and analyse Switzerland’s economic diplomacy behaviour and strategy in the field of financial services and in its relation to the Group of Twenty and other international organisations. The paper describes and analyses Switzerland’s economic governance and economic diplomacy options in the field of international finance. It identifies the core Swiss interests and Switzerland’s contribution to global economic governance, with particular reference…
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 128, December 2012Click here to download the paper from SAIIA.This paper puts forward a strategic view of what South African trade policy should be doing in relation to the future global trading environment. The future is uncertain, but if the past is prologue, South African trade policy needs to be positioned for a continuation of the commodity cycle, and to exploit markets in emerging economies, including Africa, more fully. Simultaneously, it needs policies to spur labour-intensive services and manufacturing exports, both because these will be needed if commodity markets are less robust and because of their…
The nomination process for World Trade Organization (WTO) Director General (DG) candidates ended on the 31st of December 2012. Pascal Lamy’s term ends on the 31st of August 2013 and will not be renewed. The nomination process resulted in nine candidates demonstrating an interest in the most senior position in the World Trade Organization.The list of nominees is made up of a diverse pool of lawyers, economists and persons with different professional inclinations. Some of the notable features of the nominees are that four have PhDs, while another four have solid Geneva experience in different capacities, either at the WTO…
A new report taks the 17 largest economies and adds in 13 emerging economies to create the ‘PwC 30’ grouping of countries accounts for around 85% of world economic output. Some of the highlighted projections of this analysis:By 2050, the E7 emerging economies will be around 50% larger than the current G7 (US, Japan, Germany, UK, France, Italy and Canada)China is expected to overtake the US as the largest economy around 2025India has the potential to nearly catch up with the US by 2050The projected list of fastest growing economies to 2050 is headed by Vietnam, and the top 10…
ODI Working Papers Issue 365 by Milo Vandemoortele, Kate Bird, Andries Du Toit, Minquan Liu, Kunal Sen and Fábio Veras SoaresFive key emerging market economies, commonly termed the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), have been lauded for their stellar economic growth and resilience through the 2008/09 financial crisis.They are becoming models of development for development practitioners, researchers and other emerging economies. Scratch beneath the surface, however, and you will notice that not all people in these countries have benefited equally from growth. Some countries have seen enormous increases in income inequality – specifically China, India and South Africa; Brazil has enjoyed a reduction.What can be learnt, in terms of the challenges and successes of reconciling growth and equity, from the BRICS’ recent growth? This paper examines the experiences of four of the BRICS – Brazil, China, India and South Africa – and identifies four key factors shaping…
Thursday, 03 January 2013 09:25

Russia's G20 Presidency: strategic agenda document

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Moscow: This paper outlines a strategic agenda proposed by Russia for the G20 in 2013 and highlights the specific priorities of the Russian G20 Presidency. Its purpose is to serve as a guide for the preparation of meetings and documents throughout the year, as well as to set the objectives for the G20 Leaders Summit in St.Petersburg, September 5-6 2013. Russia will exert its maximum effort to reach tangible results on the most pressing issues on the global agenda by setting a stage for thoughtful discussions.
On December 1, 2012, Russia assumed the rotating chair of the Group of Twenty (G20), the premier forum for global economic coordination. It did so at a time of growing uncertainty about the future role of the G20 and gnawing doubts about the ability of the organization to fulfill past promises.Hoping to assist the government of Russia in defining priorities for its year-long chairmanship, the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and the Moscow-based Institute for Contemporary Development (INSOR) solicited short memos from their partners in the Council of Councils (CoC), an international network of premier policy institutions roughly tracking the…
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