The Global Economic Governance (GEG) Africa programme is a policy research and stakeholder engagement programme to strengthen the influence of pro-poor African coalitions at global economic governance fora.

Publications (120)

SAIIA Occasional Paper No 153, September 2013Download - English (871.03 kB) Produced by SAIIA's Economic Diplomacy Programme
Tail risks for the global economy have receded vis-à-vis last year, but this has not translated into higher growth in many advanced economies. Emerging economies, which have made considerable contributions to global economic growth since the height of the international financial crisis, are slowing down. In its latest round of forecasts in July, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) downgraded its growth projections, especially those for the emerging economies, and the Washington-based institution may provide G20 leaders with a new set of downward-revised projections in St. Petersburg in September. The forthcoming G20 summit in Russia may, unlike previous G20 summits, be an event with no immediate, significant deliverables.
Tralac Trade Brief No. S13TB05/2013, August 2013In recent years there has been much discussion in the global media and in trade policy circles about the rise of emerging economies and the impact this phenomenon is having on the global economy. An important element in this discourse has been the emergence of new forms of South-South cooperation, reflected most notably in the growing importance of South-South trade and investment flows and the increasing prominence of various loose alliances and coalitions of large developing and emerging economies, such as the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) grouping and the India-Brazil-South…
Monday, 02 September 2013 11:55

BRICS – South Africa’s way ahead?

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The accession of South Africa into the BRICS formation has attracted a lot of attention internationally. Some welcomed the step while others questioned it. A closer look at BRICS reveals that these countries share some fundamental features while they differ in others.

Abbreviations and Acronyms

AfDBAfrican Development BankBIS       Bank for International SettlementsCAADP    Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development ProgrammeECOWAS   Economic Community of West African StatesFAO   Food and Agriculture OrganizationFSBFinancial Stability BoardFSFFinancial Stability ForumG-7Group of SevenG-20        Group of TwentyIFIInternational Financial InstitutionILOInternational Labour OrganizationIMFInternational Monetary FundIOSCO    International Organization of Securities CommissionsLDCLeast-Developed CountryMDB        Multilateral Development BankMDGMillennium Development GoalNEPADNew Partnership for Africa’s DevelopmentOECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOPECOrganization of the Petroleum Exporting CountriesUDHRUniversal Declaration of Human RightsUNCTADUN Conference on Trade and DevelopmentUNDPUN Development ProgrammeWFPWorld Food ProgrammeWTOWorld Trade Organization
Tuesday, 27 August 2013 10:51

The ORF BRICS Compilation

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The ORF BRICS Compilation features six opinion pieces and guest columns published by ORF experts in leading newspapers. They paint a compelling rationale of why the five member nations must assert their collective influence on the process of framing global rules.
Submission to the BRICS Academic Forum 2013, Durban, South Africa.Authors: Samir Saran, Asok Kumar Singh, Vivan SharanPublisher: Observer Research FoundationDownload the paper from the ORF website.
Friday, 16 August 2013 00:00

The G-20 and Africa: A Critical Assessment

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SAIIA Occasional Paper No 145, April 2013
Wednesday, 10 July 2013 09:47

BRICS publications in Portuguese: IPEA, Brazil

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The Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA) or Institute of Applied Economic Research is a Brazilian government-led research organization. It provides technical and institutional support to government for the formulation and reformulation of public policies and development programs in Brazil.
The first Civil 20 Summit was opened on June 13 in Moscow by the co-chairperson of the C20, Elena Topoleva and a welcome address from President Putin was read by Ksenia Yudaeva, Russian G20 Sherpa and Chief of Presidential Experts’ Directorate.
Monday, 17 June 2013 18:10

The 2013 Lough Erne G8 and Africa

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When the United Kingdom last hosted the G8 summit in Gleneagles in 2005, Africa was set as one of the foremost priorities on the agenda. Now as the UK has the responsibility of hosting the upcoming Lough Erne Summit on June 17-18 2013, it has laid out a distinct set of priority topics: trade, taxation, and transparency.
The G8 Research Group has just announced the release of an excellent publication, "The UK Summit: The G8 at Lough Erne 2013" ­.It features a series of Leaders Perspectives from David Cameron, François Hollande, José Manuel Barroso, Barack Obama and Ellen Sirleaf Johnson. It also features articles from the OECD, ILO, IFAD, WFP, UNCTAD, OPEC, INTERPOL and the heads of many other international organizations and internationally renowned experts.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a powerful instrument for growth and development, and is key to enhancing prosperity worldwide and boosting the global economy. Building on its previous work on the subject, the Global Agenda Council on Global Trade and FDI has been examining ways to encourage more FDI in both developed and developing countries.
The 39th annual Group of 8 (G8) Summit takes place on 17 and 18 June 2013, with the UK as this year's president. To provide insights into her country's plan for this year's summit, Dame Nicola Brewer, British High Commissioner to South Africa, addressed a G8 study group this week organised by the GEGAfrica project (under SAIIA's Economic Diplomacy Programme) and the Humanities Department at the University of Pretoria.
This study provides data on the costs and challenges of implementing trade facilitation measures currently under negotiation in the WTO. It updates an earlier study undertaken in 2005. This updated study, based on data and insights from nine additional countries, confirms earlier findings identifying the measures that present the greatest challenges to developing countries in implementing reforms. The study also confirms that the costs of putting in place and maintaining trade facilitation measures are not particularly large and are far smaller than the benefits gained from implementing these measures. Moreover, an increasing amount of technical and financial assistance to implement…
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 130, December 2012Download-English [pdf].Economic Diplomacy ProgrammeThe KAS guidelines are a framework for discussions on issues of global economic governance that could be relevant for all G-20 countries. This paper sets out to examine India’s approach to the guidelines against its internal and external policies and the general background of current changes and challenges in world economic governance.
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 127, December 2012 Download-English [pdf].Economic Diplomacy Programme The Chinese government has attached great importance to the country’s relationship with South Africa. South Africa is the first developing country to which China has proposed establishing a ‘comprehensive strategic partnership’.
SWP Research Paper 2013/RP 01, March 2013, 204 PagesEdited By: Hanns Günther Hilpert and Stormy-Annika MildnerClick here to download the PDF from the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.SummaryDevelopments in the metals and minerals markets are creating great challenges for industries and governments. Prices have risen sharply over the past decade, with strong fluctuations. In many metal markets supply and demand are highly concentrated, with deposits localized in a handful of countries and production in the hands of just two or three companies. Increasingly frequent state intervention and speculative tendencies produce a situation where market mechanisms often fail to function satisfactorily.
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 126, December 2012Click here to download the Paper in English from SAIIA [pdf].Published by the SAIIA Economic Diplomacy ProgrammeSouth Africa is a member of both the G-20 and the BRICS, which is a significant positioning for the country’s global strategy. This further enhances the country’s weight as Africa’s powerhouse. This membership occurs at a time when global governance is in a sustained state of flux, with no discernible leadership anchorage.
Tuesday, 21 May 2013 15:54

Analysts caution EAC on Brics bank

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Dar es Salaam. While financial experts are optimistic of the Brics initiative to set up a bank that will lead to less rigid lending conditions, others fear that it will open doors for the institution to tap into Africa’s resources.
by Professor John Kirton, Co-director, G20 Research Group; Director, G8 Research Group, University of | www.g8.utoronto.caClick here to download the PDF from the G8 Research Group.Background paper prepared for a presentation at the session on “What Is the Way Forward for the G20?” for a conference on “From the G8 to the G20 and Beyond: Setting a Course for Economic Global Governance,” Chatham House, London, May 9, 2013.IntroductionThe current conventional wisdom holds that the G20 summit has been in decline since its high-performing, crisis-inspired start in 2008-09 and that the G8 summit is destined to disappear as a consequential…
by Peter DraperSAIIA Occasional Paper No 129, December 2012Click here to download the paper from SAIIA in English [pdf].  As the world moves towards a multipolar power structure, so global economic governance becomes more challenging. One central issue is the need for major powers to find a basis on which to collaborate. For this reason, there is a rising interest in the potential of values to guide global norms in general and economic negotiations in particular. The Konrad Adenauer Foundation recently issued proposed guidelines for this purpose. This paper attempts to assess the extent to which those guidelines could be…
What effect could trade with, and investment and aid from, the BRICS (Brazil, Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa) have on growth, employment and structural transformation in Africa? How can Africa maximize the benefits of its engagement with the BRICS, and minimize the risks? This study answers these two questions via a comparative analysis of BRICS’ practices in their cooperation with Africa, and offers policy recommendations. Click here to download the publication from UNECA [pdf].
by Natalya Volchkova and Maria RyabtsevaSAIIA Occasional Paper No 135, February 2013Click here to download the paper in English from the SAIIA site [pdf].  The paper investigates the features of Russia–South Africa relations in light of their membership in BRICS and the G-20. Collaboration with South Africa contributes to the creation of the multipolar world order and strengthens Russia’s position in such global governance institutions as the G-20, IMF and the World Trade Organization (WTO). It also helps to create global legitimacy of the multipolar system of international relations. The BRICS arrangement is an important intermediate negotiation ground between individual…
Wednesday, 03 April 2013 10:49

First Annual G20 Conference Report

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 Click here to download the First Annual G20 Conference Report (355.54 kB).For all other materials and outcomes related to this conference, click here to visit the blog piece.The first Annual "G20 and Africa" Conference was hosted on 10 December 2012 by the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) and the International Development Law Unit in the Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria (UP).
Friday, 29 March 2013 00:00

BRICS: eThekwini Declaration

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1. We, the leaders of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the Republic of India, the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa, met in Durban, South Africa, on 27 March 2013 at the Fifth BRICS Summit. Our discussions took place under the overarching theme, “BRICS and Africa: Partnership for Development, Integration and Industrialisation”. The Fifth BRICS Summit concluded the first cycle of BRICS Summits and we reaffirmed our commitment to the promotion of international law, multilateralism and the central role of the United Nations (UN). Our discussions reflected our growing intra-BRICS solidarity as well as our shared goal to contribute positively to global peace, stability, development and cooperation. We also considered our role in the international system as based on an inclusive approach of shared solidarity and cooperation towards all nations and peoples.2. We met at a time which requires that we consider issues…
Friday, 22 March 2013 00:00

BRICS Academic Forum: recommendations

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Durban:  The 5th BRICS Academic Forum, comprising experts and scholars from the research and academic institutions of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, met on the 11th and 12th of March 2013 in Durban. Given that the BRICS have covered significant ground since the inception of the partnership five years’ ago, the Forum believes that they must build upon the progress made in the first five-year cycle of BRICS by consolidating the agreements reached and the achievements registered and by making further concrete proposals for realising the unfolding objectives of the BRICS partnership.The theme for this year’s Forum, “BRICS…
Click here for a signed copy (PDF).Durban:  We, the BRICS Think Tanks Council (BTTC) wish to celebrate the bonds between BRICS countries by declaring our mutual intention to enhance cooperation in research, knowledge sharing, capacity building and policy advice; recalling the 2011 Sanya Action Plan, which called for the enhancement of existing cooperation programmes through the holding of BRICS Think Tanks symposiums and the establishment of a council of research centres of all BRICS countries.Cognisant of the 2012 Delhi Action Plan, which directed new areas for cooperationBased on the Memorandum of Understanding for Enhancing Cooperation BRICS Academic Institutions signed in New…
Thursday, 07 March 2013 16:31

G20 Governance for a Globalized World

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 This book systematically assesses the G20's emergence, evolution and performance in response to growing demands for global governance across a wide, interconnected policy agenda and the full set of governance functions that international institutions supply. This study mobilizes classic and contemporary international relations theory to explain the causes of observed G20 governance, and on this basis offers some concluding predictions about its future course. In particular it offers an account, grounded in the competitive dynamics among international institutions in a crowded world, rather than one based merely on the older model of forum-shopping among states in an anarchic system.
Stay a length of time in China, or study some Chinese, and you quickly learn the indispensable role proverbs and idioms play in the language. This certainly isn’t something unique to Chinese by any means, but it may be a key feature of the country’s policy-making processes you won’t see anywhere else.For over 30 years, the Communist Party of China could be said to have one overarching idiom — “crossing the river by feeling the stones” — that embodied its gradual and selective approach to economic reforms. With the 18th Party Congress and the composition of the top leaders finalized,…
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